Lifelong Learning Programme

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This material reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein

Also available in:


Database of Publications

Homepage > Students’ Motivation > Database of Publications > Publication's Form


Over 10 pages
One of the few articles published in Slovakia on the motivation of students in the classroom. It is a comprehensive text, which consists of two parts. The first one deals with the very concept of motivation. This section is divided into two subsections: Motivation as part of the structure and the types of personal motivation. The second part of the text deals with the right motivation of students in the learning process. This part consists of 5 subdivisions: the personality of the teacher, the importance of motivation in the educational process, practical recommendations in the teaching process, student activation in the learning process and motivational effects of lowering academic performance of students. The work ends with a very good overview of the literature from which it is clear that in Slovakia directly addresses the issue only a very limited number of authors who are now addressing other issues. The work is more informative than analytical but emphasizes key factors of student motivation which are the teacher qualifications, nature, character, qualities, temperament, working style and his or her relationship with the children. Appropriate incentives can induce and maintain student interest in learning the subject. Conversely, inappropriate use of motivational factors may hinder the development of student relationship to learning, even directly induce indifference or resistance to learning. The teacher must realize that the development of motivation is always connected to a specific teaching activity. Development activities without motivation can not exist.
Despite the fact that this text is freely published by an anonymous, it is very well prepared. It reviews information in Slovak literature on student motivation in a clear way. It builds on the basic text books and research where the last two texts are especially important. M. Zelina: activation and motivation of students to teaching has been published several times. It is an innovative text for methodological and pedagogical research centers, and especially for the research of E. Marušincova - Changes in learning motivation of students of secondary schools from 1997, which showed ligibility assumption that the transition to high school students take for an important initiative, which to some extent intensifies their motivation and potential in the positive and the negative components.
TRANSFER Slovensko

Comments about this Publication

Your comments are welcome

Date: 2013.07.16

Posted by Marcela Grecová (Czech Republic)

Message: The article deals with students’ motivation. There is general advice for teachers (not only for chemistry teachers). Author discusses the types of motivation (the inner and outer) and components (needs, interests, attitudes, aspirations). Teacher\'s personality has an important role in motivating the students. Boredom and fear in school are also being discussed. The article also deals with the issue of pupils in the process of changing elementary school for high school.

It is an article designated for students of pedagogy (it is taken from a server with essays for students). The author is not listed, nor is the exact date of publication. But it\'s still an article that is relevant, interesting and related to the topic of the project. Many sources from technical publications are being used for the article, from both Slovak foreign authors.

Date: 2013.07.15

Posted by Veronika Popová (Czech Republic)

Message: Although the article is written by an anonymous author and freely published on the internet, it is very well prepared and organised. It is definitely relevant for project CIAA Network - part Students´ Motivation.
At first glance it may seem that the first part is too theoretical, but I can say that the author managed to summarize in a very clear and effective way an essential and important information on the issue of students\' motivation (such as components and types of motivation, the process of its formation). The author also very clearly points out the obstacles and difficulties associated with creating and maintaining of students\' motivation.
The article also deals with the teacher\'s personality and his activity in relation to student motivation.
Although the theoretical part of the article deals with the generally accepted facts, I am convinced that this article definitely has its justified place among the publications in the project CIIA Network. I appreciate especially the fact that all the information is made in​​entirely comprehensible form.
In particular the second part of the article provides useful practical recommendations how to increase students´ motivation - again summarized in a comprehensive and very clear way.
The author of this article on the other hand also highlights the factors that tend to result in reduced school performance and motivation of students - again based on many sources and very clearly.
In the conclusion, the author briefly introduces the outcomes of the research of motivation for learning of Slovak pupils in the transition from primary school to secondary school, conducted in 1997 Eva Marusičová. The author highlights interesting conclusions that can be also for teachers benefit to ponder (in general).

Date: 2012.10.12

Posted by KRASIMIRA TOMEVA (Bulgaria)

Message: The paper dwells upon motivation, its intrinsic character, types of motivation and its importance in the process of learning.
It contains practical/applicable proposals concerning the ways of raising its level and makes a review of the changes it undergoes with secondary school students.а.
Similarly, it points out motivation as a key factor of entire process of education:
 Facilitates teacher’s work;
 Underlies students desire and quest for acquiring new knowledge.
Touches in brief some of the reasons behind low motivations such as:
 Monotonous contact classes
 Miscomprehension of activities which students are to perform
 Stressful situations
 Physical discomfort (poor acoustic and visibility).
The paper does not comment difficulties and challenges encountered by students in learning chemistry,however, it offers practical proposals on how to raise motivation.
Students should be properly informed and instructed on what they should do in class;
They need to be encouraged and their attention focused by means of simulations and games. The paper also makes a comment on the effect of awards and corrective discipline
Though not directly stating their target, these recommendations suggest ideas that could streamline teacher’s work.
 The paper makes a partial comment on the challenges encountered by teachers in their attempt to associate learning material with modern scientific achievements
Challenge1: A good teacher is supposed to know quite a good number of ways to motivate his/her students.
Challenge2: He/She is supposed to be aware of how and to what extent to motivate students as improper use of motivational factors can hinder learning even to the extent of causing indifference or opposition on behalf of the students.
Challenge3: Each of the activities done in class is to be grounded in motivation.
Motivation is regarded as part of each person’s individuality and is strongly related with the needs, interests, routine practices and life plans of that person.
Key factors underlying students’ motivation such as teacher’s qualification, character, personal skills, temperament, style of work and attitude to children are given a detailed account in the paper.
Another useful aspect of this paper is that it facilitates a better understanding of motivation and its relationship with individual personal characteristics.
Likewise the paper points out the role of the teacher as the agent of motivation in students. Practical proposals are given concerning rise of motivation.
This material could contribute to enhancement of students’ interest in chemistry classes. Increase of motivation will cause adequate activity on behalf of students and bring about to better awareness and assimilation of learning material

National Reports on successful experiences to promote lifelong learning for chemistry The national reports on chemistry successful experiences to promote lifelong learning for chemistry are now available on the related section of the project portal. The reports presents examples of successful experiences in the partner countries and the results of testing of ICT resources with science teachers.